European Journal of Parapsychology

European Journal of Parapsychology

Research Brief: The Effect of ‘Sigilisation’ on Forced–Choice ESP Task Success

Authors: Ian R. Hume & William V. Bean Journal: European Journal of Parapsychology Publication date: 2010 Keywords: ESP evidence, ganzfeld, extrasensory evidence, existence of psi, replication, succesfull studies, sigils, sigilisation, magic, Zener cards, clairvoyance

This exploratory study endeavoured to test the possible enhancing capabilities of sigil magic, a form of chaos magic, upon forced-choice clairvoyant ability. An opportunity sample of 39 participants was employed in this repeated measures study. In the first condition a standard deck of Zener cards was used to measure ESP task
success. In the second condition, a ‘sigilised’ deck was employed. Combined, a significant psi-hitting effect was produced. In the standard condition a non-significant, above chance, hit rate was found. In the sigilised condition, a highly significant hitting effect was evidenced. However, a comparison of the hit rates for these two conditions failed to show a significant difference. Although the results of this study are encouraging, methodological issues need to
be addressed in order to determine the validity of these findings.

European Journal of Parapsychology

Research Brief: ‘Twitter’ as a New Research Tool: Proof of Principle with a Mass Participation Test of Remote Viewing

Authors: Richard Wiseman, Caroline Watt Journal: European Journal of Parapsychology Publication date: 2010 Keywords: twitter, social network, remote viewing, distant ESP

The social networking site ‘Twitter’ was used to conduct a mass participation remote viewing ESP study. The easy accessibility of Twitter made it possible to recruit and engage a large number of participants, and to give them almost immediate feedback. A majority voting technique was used to combine participants’ calls, to avoid stacking effects and to detect any group-level psi effect. For each trial an experimenter visited the target location. Blind judging was conducted with photographs of the target location and four decoy locations. Over five thousand responses were gathered over five trials. The first trial employed a non-blind judging procedure to test the hypothesis that believers would be especially likely to exhibit confirmation bias. As predicted, a significant relationship was found between belief in psychic ability and level of perceived correspondence between the
participants’ impressions and the target location. The following four trials used blind judging. On each trial the group failed to identify the correct target. There was no significant relationship between belief in psychic ability and choice of target on any of the trials. Participants reporting a strong belief in psychic ability identified the correct target on one trial (exact binomial p = .41). Those participants who reported that they believed they were psychic and were confident of their response failed to identify the correct target on any trial.

European Journal of Parapsychology

Research Brief: The Effect of Priming of the Film Clips Prior to Ganzfeld Mentation

Authors: Adrian Parker & Björn Sjödén Journal: European Journal of Parapsychology Publication date: 2010 Keywords: ganzfeld, priming, video clips, films

The report here concerns an attempt to subliminally prime film clips with participants prior to their ganzfeld sessions. In total, 64 trails (32 traditional psi ganzfeld trials and 32 comparison trials with primed targets) were conducted with receiver-sender pairs taking part in a digital real time ganzfeld. Prior to the session, the receiver-sender pairs viewed thematic material from all four potential film clips presented at 40 milliseconds exposures.
Although there was clear evidence from the results that the imagery from the clips later re-emerged as a major part of the ganzfeld imagery, this appeared to concern the non-target clips more than as the target material. First place rankings on the target clips gave only 13.7% hits (MCE 25%) and it may well be that the methodology overloaded the participants with dynamic material to work through in the mentation.

European Journal of Parapsychology

A Parapsychological Perspective on a Recent Study of “Intuitions in the Workplace”

Authors: James Houran & Rense Lange Journal: European Journal of Parapsychology Publication date: 2010 Keywords: perspective, intuition, workplace, precognition

A recent study by Lange and Houran (2010) found evidence that intuitions in the workplace are related to transliminal processes, but the validity of the sample’s self-reported intuitions was not specifically addressed. Thus, we examined the correlation between self-reported intuitions and the propensity to exhibit emotional and
cognitive biases in the previously collected dataset (n = 889). The misattribution hypothesis was not confirmed; in fact, intuitive experiences were associated (r = .38, p < .001) with a lack of confirmatory biases. The validity of intuitions is discussed in terms of transliminality deriving from enhanced neurological interconnectedness that consequently facilitates a confluence of unconscious information from tacit knowledge, pattern recognition and perhaps a “future orientation” that involves psi. Situational and motivational factors, akin to experimental effects in psi research, contribute to the process. Rasch scaling analyses found that transliminality and intuition form a continuum, with the highest levels of transliminality being associated with intuitions that are described as paralleling psychic ability.

European Journal of Parapsychology

Reality Testing, Belief in the Paranormal, and Urban Legends

Authors: Neil Dagnall, Kenneth Drinkwater, Andrew Parker & Gary Munley Journal: European Journal of Parapsychology Publication date: 2010 Keywords: reality testing, paranormal beliefs, urban legends

This study investigated the role of reality testing deficits in the formation of paranormal beliefs and endorsement of urban legends. One hundred and fifty-five respondents completed an online questionnaire booklet comprised of seven urban legends (or myths), the Revised Paranormal Belief Scale (R-PBS), and the Reality Testing subscale of the Inventory of Personality Organization (IPO-RT). As predicted all urban legend attributes (retelling, likelihood, importance, scariness, strangeness and heard by others), with the exception of unusualness, were found to be positively correlated with reality testing scores and belief in the paranormal. Path analysis was conducted with paranormal belief and reality testing as the independent variables, and urban legend truthfulness ratings as the dependent variable. Controlling for reality testing reduced the size of the relationship between paranormal belief and truthfulness ratings. Results of the current study concurred with those of Irwin (2003a, 2004), who concluded that reality testing deficits were fundamentally involved in the formation and maintenance of some paranormal beliefs. The present study suggests that reality testing deficits may also play an important role with regards to the adoption and endorsement of other related beliefs, such as urban legends.

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