Тестирование реальности, вера в паранормальное и городские легенды

Авторы: Neil Dagnall, Kenneth Drinkwater, Andrew Parker & Gary Munley Журнал: European Journal of Parapsychology Год издания: 2010 Ключевые слова: верования, убеждения, вера в паранормальное, вера в сверхъестественное, тестирование реальности, проверка реальности, городские легенды
European Journal of Parapsychology

This study investigated the role of reality testing deficits in the formation of paranormal beliefs and endorsement of urban legends. One hundred and fifty-five respondents completed an online questionnaire booklet comprised of seven urban legends (or myths), the Revised Paranormal Belief Scale (R-PBS), and the Reality Testing subscale of the Inventory of Personality Organization (IPO-RT). As predicted all urban legend attributes (retelling, likelihood, importance, scariness, strangeness and heard by others), with the exception of unusualness, were found to be positively correlated with reality testing scores and belief in the paranormal. Path analysis was conducted with paranormal belief and reality testing as the independent variables, and urban legend truthfulness ratings as the dependent variable. Controlling for reality testing reduced the size of the relationship between paranormal belief and truthfulness ratings. Results of the current study concurred with those of Irwin (2003a, 2004), who concluded that reality testing deficits were fundamentally involved in the formation and maintenance of some paranormal beliefs. The present study suggests that reality testing deficits may also play an important role with regards to the adoption and endorsement of other related beliefs, such as urban legends.

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